JG5 Eismeer was a Luftwaffe Fighter Wing formed to operate across the Scandinavian and Arctic regions of Europe during WW2.Eismeer translates as “Sea Ice.” Equipped with Bf 109s and Fw 190s, and flying from bases in Norway and Finland, JG5 attacked the Soviets on the Polar Sea Front.
A Jabo (bomber) unit was later added to JG5 that sank almost 40,000 tons of Soviet submarines and freighters. The JG5 went up against Allied raids along the Norwegian coast, which targeted submarine bases at Trondheim and Bergen. But they were not able to stop Allied bombers sinking the Tirpitz Battleship, while moored in Tromso Fjord. By the end of WW2, pilots of JG5 had scored over 3,200 aerial victories.
Size: W 5 1/2″ x H 5″ Hand embroidered in silver wire bullion on a green heart shaped background with three staffel insignia.
This was the second highest scoring Luftwaffe Fighter Wing during WW2 – the first being JG 52. Formed in July 1939, JG 54 provided air cover for German heavy bombers operating along the Eastern Front during the war. They also fought in the Battle of Britain and took part in Operation Barbarossa the invasion of the Soviet Union. The fighters shot down over 9,600 Allied aircraft during WW2 and several Aces were part of the unit including Walter Nowotny, Otto Kittel and Hannes Trautloft who later became the unit leader for several years.
This was a WW2 Luftwaffe Wing named after the famous First World War fighter Ace, Manfred von Richthofen – also known as “The Red Baron.” The JG-2 proved a tough adversary to the RAF during the Battle of Britain and the Eastern Front offensives. They flew the Bf 109E and the Fw 190A. Richthofen was considered the top scoring Ace and credited with 80 air combat victories. He was also awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves.
Size: W 5″ x H 3″ Hand embroidered in gold wire bullion on a blue triangle shaped background.
Leading Luftwaffe Ace Helmut Wicke flew with the II/JG2 Richthofen unit and had the “Horrido” insignia painted on his Bf 109 fighter. He flew in the Battle of Britain and other major offensives and was credited with taking down 56 Allied aircraft. At age 25 Wicke became the youngest Major in the Wehrmacht. The word “Horrido” was used by Luftwaffe pilots when they spotted an enemy aircraft and went to attack it.
Size: W 3 1/2″ x H 4″ Hand embroidered in silver wire bullion on a red and blue shield shaped background.
I/JG52 Black Boar
JG52 was formed in 1939 and had three staffel (squadrons). These were designated I/JG52, II/JG52, and III/JG52. They flew combat missions across France and were heavily engaged during the Battle of Britain.
This black boar insignia belonged to 1/JG52 and was painted on the nose of their aircraft. They were later reassigned to the Eastern Front. Although they suffered heavy losses, in aerial combat they proved far superior to the old outdated Soviet aircraft. They also took part in the Battle of Stalingrad and Battle of Kharkov. By 1944 the JG52 Gruppe had over 10,000 confirmed aerial kills.
Size: W 7″ x H 10 1/2″ Hand embroidered in yellow white and green on a dark green background, with silver metallic fringing at bottom of pennant
German Mountain Division “Nord”
This unique replica embroidered pennant was a gift given by the 6th SS Gebirgs Division “Nord” to their commander, Obergruppenführer Karl-Maria Demelhuber.
The Mountain Divisions of the German Army were elite infantry troops trained in warfare in mountain-terrain and sub-arctic temperatures and all were expert skiers. These troops were later joined by Waffen-SS troops who had been on garrison duties across Norway.
Size: W 3 1/2″ x H 3 1/4″ Hand embroidered in silver wire bullion on a red shield shaped background.
This WW2 Luftwaffe fighter squadron was created as I/JG21 and redesignated III/JG54 in July 1939. The unit took part in the invasion of Poland in September 1939 and the Battle of Britain.
In 1941, the unit was assigned to the Eastern Front and took part in Operation Barbarossa the invasion of the Soviet Union. In 1943 they moved back to the Western Front and flew missions against the RAF and the USAAF, suffering heavy losses. Towards the end of the war, the III/JG54 was disbanded and the remainder of the unit joined JG26.
Size: W 3 3/4″ x H 3 3/4″ Hand embroidered in silver and gold wire bullion on a red square background.
At the start of WW2, JG2 was formed and given the task of defending the Reich. It was based in Berlin and equipped with Bf 109 aircraft. The III/JG2 Gruppe was the third unit in the group. While most Luftwaffe units moved to Germany’s eastern bases, to prepare for Operation Barbarossa (the invasion of the Soviet Union), JG2 remained in northern France defending the area against RAF fighters. It was named JG2 “Richthofen” in memory of Manfred von Richthofen, a.k.a the Red Baron after his death. He was one of the first members of JG2 and the Luftwaffe’s top fighter Ace.
Size: W 3″ x H 3 1/2″ Hand embroidered in silver wire bullion on a black circular background
The 1/JG1 squadron was created in May 1939, as part of a plan to expand the Luftwaffe, and they were equipped with the Messerschmitt Bf 109 and Focke-Wulf Fw 190 aircraft. They flew combat missions across the Western Front and northern occupied Europe until late 1942 then moved to France, providing air support for ground troops. The failure of Operation Bodenplatte, an attempt to cripple Allied air forces and gain air superiority in 1944, severely reduced the capability of JG 1 with the loss of many of their top pilots and aircraft. However the 1/JG1 unit shot down over 700 allied aircraft during the war.
This was a WW2 Luftwaffe fighter wing, equipped with Messerschmitt Bf 109 and Focke Wulf Fw 190 aircraft. The unit flew missions across the Western Front and northern France. After D-Day they moved to a base in occupied France. The 2/JG1 was the first German unit to attempt aerial bombing of USAAF heavy bomber formations and the only Luftwaffe unit to be equipped with the Heinkel He 162 jet fighter.
Formed in October 1939 the Jagdgeschwader 27 (JG 27) Afrika supported the Deutsches Afrikakorps during the WW2 North African Campaign. Led by Hauptmann “Edu” Neumann, one of the Luftwaffe’s top field commanders, the unit quickly claimed several aerial victories. By December 1941 the complete JG27 Gruppe was based in North Africa. They were flying Bf-109s against the British Desert Air Force’s Hawker Hurricanes and Curtiss P-40s and they quickly inflicted heavy losses on the Allied aircraft. In March 1942, the JG27 shot down a Douglas Boston claiming their 1,000th victory of WW2
The JG52 was the most successful Luftwaffe Fighter Wing of WW2 and the I/JG52 was one of the squadrons or ‘Gruppes’ in the unit. Flying Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighters, they saw action on all fronts across the European theater and amassed over 10,000 confirmed aerial combat wins against Allied aircraft, although they also lost many pilots and aircraft. The JG52 had the three highest scoring Luftwaffe Aces, Erich Hartmann, Gerhard Barkhorn and Gunther Rall. At the end of WW2 the surviving members of JG52 surrendered to American forces and were handed over to the Soviet Army.
This was a Luftwaffe Fighter Wing and during WW2 pilots from JG51 won more awards for aerial combat success than any other unit. During Operation Barbarossa, Werner Molders became the first pilot to reach 100 aerial victories. He was killed in November 1941 aged 28, but in 1942 JG 51 adopted his surname in honor of him and his achievements.
Condor Legion 3./K88
This Luftwaffe Bomber Squadron was formed in November 1936. At Franco’s request, the unit went to Spain to support his nationalist forces – the Falange Espanola – and they carried out missions across Spain during the Spanish Civil War. They took part in several major offensives including the Battle of Brunete, and in Teruel, Aragon and Ebro.
Condor Legion 1/J88
The German Condor Legion was made up of Air Force and Army personnel and they were sent to help Franco’s Nationalist forces – the Falange Espanola – defeat the left-wing Republicans, during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). This insignia, called the ‘Holzauge,’ belonged to the I/J88. It represented the Spanish gesture of pulling down the lower eyelid to silently indicate ‘caution. They took part in several major offensives including the infamous Operation Rugen, when the Basque capital of Guernica was bombed almost to nothing. At the end of the war, the surviving Condor Legion aircraft were claimed by the Spanish Air Force.
Condor Legion 2/J88
The German Condor Legion was created from Air Force and Army personnel. At the request of Franco, they went to Spain to support him and his Nationalist forces – the Falange Espanola – in their battle with the left-wing Republicans, during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). They took part in several major offensives including the infamous Operation Rugen, when the Basque capital of Guernica was bombed almost to oblivion. And it was thought that the Luftwaffe developed several aerial combat strategies during this period, which they used during WW2. At the end of the war, the surviving Condor Legion aircraft were claimed by the Spanish Air Force.
Condor Legion Cross
The wing roundel of the Condor Legion, painted on all their aircraft.
This was the second highest scoring Luftwaffe Fighter Wing during WW2 the first being JG52. The II/JG54 Gruppe was formed in 1938 after the Annexation of Austria and many Austrian nationals were recruited to the squadron. The unit gave air cover for German bombers operating in North-East France during the war. The JG54 shot down over 9,600 Allied aircraft during WW2 and took part in the invasion of Poland in October 1939 and the Battle of France in May 1940.
Size: W 3″ x H 4″ Hand embroidered in silver and gold wire bullion on a blue wool felt background.
SKG10 was a fast bomber attack wing of the Luftwaffe. Created in late 1942 it was only active from 1942-43 flying the Focke Wulf Fw190. Toward the end of 1943 it was redesignated Stab/SG10. There were four squadrons and they took part in missions across the UK and later against allied shipping around Sicily.
This was an elite Luftwaffe Fighter squadron formed in February 1945 by General Adolf Galland. His pilots flew Me262 jets against allied bombers. The Me262 was extremely vulnerable during takeoff and landing and to counter this, Galland established his own airfield protection squadron, the Platzschutzstaffel. This unit was led by Lt. Heinz Sachsenberg and they flew long-nosed Doras Fw190 D9/11. These were painted bright red with white stripes on the underbelly to make sure anti-aircraft batteries surrounding their bases could distinguish the Fw190 from allied aircraft.
Size: W 3″ x H 5″ This insignia is hand embroidered in silver wire bullion and is on a black wool felt background.
The NJG1 was a WWII German Luftwaffe night fighter wing. It was formed in June 1940 in Monchengladbach and by the end of WWII was the most successful night fighter unit. Its pilots claimed some 2,311 victories during day and night sorties and suffered 676 aircrew killed in action.
“Edelweiss” was a Luftwaffe Bomber wing during WWII. Formed in December 1939, the unit operated Do17, He111 and Ju88 aircraft. The group took part in the Battle of France, the Battle of Britain, The Eastern Front campaign and the Defense of The Reich.
Size: W 3″ x H 3 1/2″ Black and silver with a red silk outline on a black wool felt background.
This group was part of the Jagdschwader 3 “Udet”, a fighter squadron of the Luftwaffe. It took part in several major air offensives against the Allies and carried out sustained attacks on Malta, from its base in Sicily. In the last months of WWII the unit became part of the Jagdgeschwader 7, the world’s first jet fighter group. They flew the advanced Me 262, a heavily-armed fighter that was faster than any aircraft used by the Allies at that time.
This was a Luftwaffe Fighter wing during WWII. It was named after Ernst Udet in 1942. Formed on May 1st, 1939, this fighter unit flew Me109 and Fw190A/D aircraft on all the German Fronts in the European Theater of WWII.
This was the most successful fighter squadron of the Luftwaffe, scoring over 10,000 victories in aerial combat during WWII. The JG52 squadron produced several Aces including Erich Hartmann, Gerhardt Barkhorn and Gunther Rall. Hartmann was the most successful fighter pilot of WWII with an incredible 352 confirmed victories.
This was the second highest scoring Luftwaffe fighter squadron and first saw action during the Polish offensive and again during The Battle of Britain. In total the squadron claimed over 9,600 victories and produced several Aces including Commander Walter Nowothny (258 victories) and Otto Kittle (267). They flew Bf 109s and FW 190s.
Size: W 3″ x H 3 1/2″ Hand embroidered in silver wire bullion on a blue fabric and black wool felt background.
JG7 JAGDGESCHWADER NOWOTNY
This was the first jet-fighter squadron in the World and was the fighter-wing of the Luftwaffe during WWII. They flew the Messerschmidt Me262 and the squadron’s Aces included Walter Nowotny (258 victories), Eric Rudorffer (222), Theo Weissenberger (208) and Walter Schuck (206). On 8 May, 1945, aircraft of the JG7 fought with Soviet Yak-9 aircraft over Germany. During this encounter, Luftwaffe Ace, Oberleutnant Fritz Stehle shot down two enemy aircraft and was the last German pilot to score an aerial victory in WW2.
KG55 KAMPFGESCHWADER “GRIEF”
The Battle Wing 55 was a famous bomber squadron in the Luftwaffe, flying Heinkel He111 medium range bombers during WWII. It took part in the Battle of Britain and was disbanded in April 1945.
JG26 JAGDGESCHWADER SCHLAGETER
This was a Luftwaffe fighter squadron that operated mainly in Western Europe but also against Russia during WWII. It was named after WWI veteran Albert Leo Schlageter, hence the ‘S’ insignia. Flying Messerschmidt Bf 109 fighters, they took part in the Battle of Britain under the command of General Adolf Galland.
JG300 JAGDGESCHWADER “WILDE SAU”
This was the first night fighter squadron of the Luftwaffe during WWII and was under the command of flying Ace Gunther Rall during 1944. They flew Bf 109s and FW 190s.
JG 300 Squadron
The Military Place carefully researches each patch to achieve authentic replication of size and color. However, due to lack of official standardization during the era to which the patch relates, and variations found, some elements may differ from historical documentation.